Tourism in Comarca del Jiloca (Teruel)

Peiron

peiron tornos ret (Copy)

Peirón in Tornos

The word “pairón” or “peirón”, appears to have a Greek origin with the meaning of “boundary”. Peirón is understood as a devoted place that is supposed to be at the entries or exits of the villages and alongside the roads, with a cross or a statue.

It consists on a column of about three metres high, built from ashlar stone, masonry or brick and culminated usually in an iron cross or a stone sphere. It normally has one or some polychrome tiles, with a religious motif (Saint or Virgin). There are also some models in which a religious statue is located at some cavity instead of the tiles, or just with an inscription or even nothing.

Villar Salz (4)peiron ret (Copy)

Peirón in Villar del Salz

It is unknown the exact moment in time where this type of elements were built, as well as its specific function, however, what is clear is that they serve as a guidance and orientation places, and in some cases they commemorate mourning facts influenced by a deep religious sense. 

Stands out some good examples built in bricks like the Cabezuelo in Navarrete, the Santa Lucía in El Villarejo de los Olmos or the one dedicated to La Virgen del Pilar in San Martín del Río. There is a broad number of those built from ashlar, like the San José in Villar del Salz, or the ones dedicated to San Antón in Tornos and Lagueruela.