Tourism in Comarca del Jiloca (Teruel)

Modorra of Cucalón

cucalon_modorra_1_elsanto_ marco

The “Modorra de Cucalón” is the highest elevation of the mountain range of the same name, reaching 1482 metres at its summit is visible from almost any high place around Comarca del Jiloca. From the top of the mountain the panoramic view is amazing, being able to contemplate at one side, the Huerva river valley making its way towards the Ebro depression, and on the other side, you can see the Colladico valley and Piedrahita village, which is surrounded by thick natural walls. On a clear winter day, a trip to the summit is rewarded with a view as far as the eye can see over the Gallocanta lagoon, the Moncayo peak, even the Pyrenees and Gúdar.

saxifraga_moncayensis

Saxifraga

Only very few plant species can settle directly over the rocky canyon wall due to the worsening environmental conditions at this altitude, with frequent fog. The Modorra is one of the few areas with high levels of endemism owned by the Iberian Mountain range: the Saxifraga moncayensis.

In the rocky places there are some native species linked to this type of sparse soil environments, but, nevertheless, they preserve moisture content as in the case of the Milamores herb (Centranthus ruber) with a striking pink flower.

modorra_canchales

However, in the small gorges, sheltered from sunlight and cold, you can find species that need high moisture, such as the Montpellier maple (Acer monspessulanum) and the yew, which is a sign of well preserved natural spaces. It is the only yew population located in Comarca del Jiloca. Next to the yews, some hazelnut trees grow too.

As for the flora, in summer time it is curious to see the Apolo butterfly species (included in the Aragonese Catalogue of Endangered Species) ,with very low and short flights adapted to the northwest wind, best known as cierzo. The Griffon vultures tend to land and rest in the cracks of the cliffs. There are other birds of prey native to the mountains like the golden eagle, the Egyptian vulture or the peregrine falcon. It is also easy to see some mountain goats in small population.

There exist different options to climb up the mountain, but we must bear in mind that the north face of the mountain range is limited by either rocky walls and metal fences to protect a private hunting area.

The information below includes several links related to three different ways to climb up to the Modorra mountain:


CLIMB ROUTE FROM THE OLD CAMPSITE

Ruta de ascenso desde el antiguo campamento Ruta de Ascenso desde el Antiguo Campamento Modorra de Cucalón desde el antiguo campamento
Enlace a Wikiloc Ruta en KML Ruta en GPX

CLIMB ROUTE FROM THE SAN LORENZO CHAPEL

Ruta de Ascenso desde la Ermita de San Lorenzo Ruta de Ascenso desde la Ermita de San Lorenzo Ruta de la Modorra de Cucalón desde la ermita de San Lorenzo
Enlace a Wikiloc Ruta en KML Ruta en GPX

CLIMB ROUTE FROM BEA

Ruta de Ascenso desde Bea Ruta de Ascenso desde Bea Ruta de Bea-Modorra de Cucalón.
Enlace a Wikiloc Ruta en KML Ruta en GPX

*NOTA: Si nos atenemos a la cartografía, hasta principios de los años 80 la Sierra de Cucalón estaba formada por la Sierra de éste mismo nombre que se encuentra en su término municipal, y la Sierra de Oriche. Desde 1981, año en que se edita el Mapa Regional de Aragón por el Instituto Geográfico Nacional,y donde ya aparecen estas dos sierras de forma individualizada, algunos autores hablan de Sierra de Oriche independientemente de la de Cucalón. Otros hablan de la Sierra de Cucalón-Oriche como una unidad y otros siguen hablando únicamente de la Sierra de Cucalón para toda la zona.